The significant commercial role of Bursa throughout history, which was created as the first capital of Ottoman Empire and shaped by kulliyes and villages, in the context of system formed according to early Ottoman architectural traditions, has been revealed with large caravanserais, bedesten, bazaars in the city. Caravanserais Area has been the heart of the city’s economy since 14th century.
The kulliyes, mosques, madrasahs, hammams and tombs having a significant role in the development of the Ottoman Bursa have survived till today without any deterioration. These kulliyes each being a center with social, cultural, religious and educational functions, determined the boundaries of the city are the most important component of the urbanization model and came to life with neighborhoods developed around them within the course of time.
The urbanization model of Bursa, as an outstanding example for Early Ottoman City, became a model for other Ottoman Turkish cities, which were established after Bursa.
Bursa, as the first capital of Ottoman Empire located on the north western slopes of Uludag Mountain, and Cumalikizik founded as a village during the same period, were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.
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